The Principles and Recent Applications of Bioelectrocatalysis

Document Type: Review

Authors

1 Research and Development Department, Farin Behbood Tashkhis LTD, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Chemistry, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

3 Chemical Injuries Research Center, Systems Biology and Poisonings Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Chemical Injuries Research Center, Systems Biology and Poisoning Institute, Baqiyatallah Medical Sciences University, Tehran, Iran

10.22036/abcr.2020.206676.1423

Abstract

Bioelectrocatalysis is a phenomenon concerned with biological catalysts, which accelerate the electrochemical reactions. Bioelectrocatalysis has been widely explored by the research community in various directions. Enzymes can catalyze different chemical reactions in living organisms by enzymes as the most important biological catalysts. These enzymatic biocatalysts are commercially available and commonly called enzyme electrodes. Electron transfer between the active center of the enzyme and the electrode can be performed either by direct electron transfer (DET) or by means of mediators (i.e. mediated electron transfer (MET)), which are discussed in details in the presented review. Therefore, different strategies have been used to increase the efficiency and stability of bioelectrocatalysis. In this review, different strategies of the bioelectrode designs have been discussed and the application of the common bioelectrodes used in the biosensors have been presented in the various fields. Moreover, a summary of the research status in the applications of bioelectrocatalysis in biosensors and biofuel cells was provided.

Keywords


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