Determination of Mn2+ in Pharmaceutical Supplements by a Novel Coated Graphite Electrode Based on Zolpidem as a Neutral Ion Carrier

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahr-e-Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre-rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Manganese plays a key role in the health of human beings therefore, its determination is very important in medical fields. In this regards, a novel coated graphite electrode was constructed for determination of manganese (II) by using zolpidem as an ionophore, for the first time. The best performance was obtained of the membrane composition of PVC (32%), Potassium tetrakis (4-chlorophenyl) borate (3%) as ionic additive, zolpidem (10%) as ionophore and Dioctyl phthalate (55%) as Plasticizer. The linear working range of the potentiometric sensor was from 1×10-7 to 1×10-2 Mol L-1. The electrode shows an exquisite Nernstian slope value of 29.7 mV.Decade-1 and its limit of detection was 9×10-8 Mol L-1. The potential response of the membrane sensor was also evaluated in non aqueous mediums and it was found out that the electrode can also be used in systems that are entailed of 15% of ethanol and acetone organic solvents. The selectivity subject was also inspected by matched potential method over 20 different cations and the electrode demonstrates an eminent selectivity toward Mn2+ over all of the studied cations. In the end, the applicability of the electrode in the determination of Mn2+ in dietary supplements as real samples was investigated.

Keywords


[1]       J. Roth, S. Ponzoni, M. Aschner, Met. Ions Life Sci. 12 (2013) 169.

[2]       J. Emsely, Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements, OUP, Oxford, 2001.

[3]       E. Preisler, Chem. J. 14 (1980) 137.

[4]       A. Takeda, Brain. Res. Rev. 41 (2003) 79.

[5]       N.A. Law, T. Caudle, V.L. Pocoraro, Adv. Inorg. Chem. 46 (1998) 305.

[6]       D.S. Avila, R.L. Puntel, M. Aschner, Met. Ions Life Sci. 13 (2013) 199.

[7]       J. Lenik, C. Wardak, Proced. Eng. 47 (2012) 144.

[8]       K.H. Thompson, M. Lee, J. Nutr. Biochem. 4 (1993) 476.

[9]       S. Schnell, S. Ratering, K.H. Jansen, Environ. Sci. Technol. 32 (1998) 1530.

[10]    B. Chiswell, G. Rauchile, M. Pascoe, Talanta 37 (1990) 237.

[11]    W.C. Purdy, D.N. Hume, Anal. Chem. 27 (1955) 256.

[12]    E.G.P. Dasilva, V. Hatjeh, N.L. Dossantos, M. Costa, R.A. Nogueira, L.C. Ferreira, J. Food Comp. Anal. 21 (2008) 259.

[13]    F.F. Lima, F. Tormin, M. Richter, A.A. Munoz, Microchem. J. 116 (2014)178.

[14]    J. Miao, X. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Li, L. Zhang, G. Hu, C. He, C. Jin, J. Food. Drug. Anal. 26 (2018) 670.

[15]    Y. Fan, C. Xu, R. Wang, G. Hu, J. Miao, K. Hai, C. Lin, J. Food Comp. Anal. 62 (2017) 63.

[16]    J. HE, Y. LI, X. XUE, H. RU, X. HUANG, H. YANG, J. Rare Earths 35 (2017) 934.

[17]    M. Jeszke, K. Trzciński, J. Karczewski, E. Luboch, Electrochim. Acta 246 (2017) 424.

[18]    G.A. Crespo, Electrochim. Acta 245 (2017) 1023.

[19]    E. Baghdar, M. Aghaie, H. Aghaie, Arab. J. Chem. 10 (2017) S2471.

[20]    T.A. Ali, G.G. Mohamed, M.M. Omar, N.M.  Hanafy, Ind.Eng. Chem. 47 (2017) 102.

[21]    S.M. Hamza, N.M.H. Rizk, H.A.B. Matter, Arab. J. Chem. 10 (2017) S236.

[22]    A. Sharifi, L. Hajiaghababaei, S. Suzangarzadeh, M. R.  Jalali  Sarvestani,  Anal.  Bioanal.  Electrochem.  9

  (2017) 888.

[23]    N. Rahman, S. Khan, J. Electroanal. Chem. 777 (2016) 92.

[24]    A. Pardakhty, S. Ahmadzadeh, S. Avazpour, V.K. Gupta, J. Mol. Liq. 216 (2016) 387.

[25]    H. Soltani, A. Pardakhty, S. Ahmadzadeh, J. Mol. Liq. 219 (2016) 63.

[26]    S. Ahmadzadeh, F. Karimi, N. Atar, E.R. Sartori, E. Faghih-Mirzaei, Inorg. Nano-Met. Chem. 47 (2017) 347.

[27]    S. Ahmadzadeh, M. Rezayi, E. Faghih-Mirzaei, M. Yoosefian, A. Kassim, Electrochim. Acta 178 (2015) 580.

[28]    M. Rezayi, L.Y. Heng, A. Kassim, S. Ahmadzadeh, Y. Abollahi, H. Jahangirian, Sensors 12 (2012) 8806.

[29]    M. Fouladgar, S. Ahmadzadeh, Appl. Surf. Sci. 370 (2016) 150.

[30]    S. Ahmadzadeh, M. Rezayi, A. Kassim, M. Aghasi, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 39209.

[31]    V.K. Gupta, F. Golestani, S. Ahmadzadeh, H. Karimi-Maleh, G. Fazli, S. Khosravi, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 10 (2015) 3657.

[32]    Ai. Singh, Ar. Singh, K.C. Yadav, G. Singh, Int. J. Chem. Appl. 4 (2012) 127.

[33]    M. Sobhana, T. Divya, E.V. Anuja, K.G. Kumar, Front Sci. 1 (2013) 74.

[34]    M. Aghaei, M. Giahi, M. Zawari, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 31 (2010) 38.

[35]    M.H. Mashhadalizadeh, E.pourtaheri, I. Sheikhshoaee, Talanta 72 (2007) 1088.

[36]    I. Sheikhshoaee, T. Shamspur, Y. Ebrahimpour, Arab. J. Chem. 5 (2012) 201.

[37]    A.K. Singh, P. Saxena, A. Panwar, Sens. Actuatuators B 110 (2005) 377.

[38]    J.M. Monti, D.W. Spence, K. Buttoo, S.R. Pandi-Perumal, Asian J. Psychiatr. 25 (2017) 79.

[39]    M.K. Sahani, A.K. Singh, A.K. Jain, A. Upadhyay, A. Kumar, U.P. Singh, Sh. Narang, Anal. Chim. Acta 860 (2015) 51.

[40]    A.K. Singh, M.K. Sahani, K.R. Bandi, A.K. Jain, ‎Mater. Sci. Eng. C 41 (2014) 206.

[41]    K.R. Bandi, A.K. Singh, A. Upadhyay, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 36 (2014) 187.

[42]    Y. Umezawa, K. Umezawa, H. Sato, Pure. Appl. Chem. 67 (1995) 507.

[43]     H.A. Zamani, M.R. Ganjali, P. Norouzi, M. Adib, Sensor Lett. 5 (2007) 522.

[44]    L. Hajiaghababaei, A. Sharafi, S. Suzangarzadeh, F. Faridbod, Anal. Bioanal. Electrochem. 5 (2013) 481.

[45]    Y.S. Chae, J.P. Vacik, W.H. Shelver, J. Pharm. Sci. 62 (1973) 1838.

[46]    S. Soriano, A.D.P. Netto, Ricardo J. Cassella, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 43 (2007) 304.

[47]    V.K. Gupta, R. Jain, M.K. Pal, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 5 (2010) 1164.